Cervical cancer screening
Cervical cancer is the second most common cancer among women worldwide and it affects primarily fertile-aged women. Even though advanced cervical cancer is treated with surgery, radiation and chemotherapy, substantial number of affected women die of the disease. Of all cancers, cervical cancer is best preventable with a screening programme: if the pre-cancerous lesions (cervical intraepithelial lesions, CIN) are treated, the development of an invasive cancer can be prevented.
Thanks to screening cervical cancer has become rare: new cases in the population (cancer incidence) and the deaths caused by cervical cancer (cancer mortality) have decreased 80 % from the baseline. Currently approximately 150 women are diagnosed with invasive cervical cancer annually in Finland, and about 50–70 deaths are registered. The most effective way of preventing cervical cancer is an organised population-based screening programme. Currently the incidence in Finland is 4/100.000 women and mortality around 1/100.000.
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